Salvia Chart
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Botanic Name
Common Name

Origin

Sun
FS-Full
PS-Part
SH-Shade

Size
(HxW)
S to 3'
M to 5'
L 6' +

Leaf Drop

Corolla

Calyx

Comments

Salvia
gesneraeflora

Big Mexican Scarlet Sage

Mexico

FS-PS
20º

L
6'x6'

semi-deciduous

orange-red

green

Winter-spring bloomer; cut back in May to control size of plant. Not as vigorous as S. gesneraeflora 'Tequila.'

Salvia
gesneraeflora
(mountain form)

Mexico

FS-PS
25º

L
7'x7'

evergreen

red-orange

green tinged

Winter-spring bloomer.

Salvia
gesneraeflora
'Tequila'

Big Mexican Scarlet Sage

Mexico

FS-PS
20-25º

L
8'x12'+

semi-deciduous

red

dark purple

Fall-spring bloomer; year around bloomer in Santa Cruz; flowers in shade; spreads by underground runners. Largest salvia.

Salvia glechomaefolia

Mexico

FS-PS
32º

S
1'x1'

evergreen

blue

purple

Spring-fall bloomer; good in container; will spread by underground runners.

Salvia greggii cvcs. 'Red,' 'Alba,' 'Purple'

Texas, Mexico

FS-PS
15-20º

S
2'x3'

semi-deciduous

varies

green to purple to black

Spring-fall bloomer. Numerous named cultivars in a wide range of colors.

Salvia guaranitica
Anise-Scented Sage

South America

FS-PS
10º

M
4'x4'

deciduous

blue

purple-green

Summer-fall bloomer; running rootstock will develop a large patch.

Salvia guaranitica 'Costa Rica Blue'

Costa Rica

FS-PS
32º

L
6'x6'

semi-deciduous

violet-blue

yellow-green

Summer-fall bloomer; running rootstock will develop a large patch.

Salvia guaranitica
'Omaha Gold'

Sport of 'Costa Rica Blue'

PS-SH

M
4'x5'

semi-deciduous

blue

green

Spring-fall bloomer best grown in cool sun to part shade.

Salvia hirtella

Peru & Ecuador

PS
25-30º

S
3'x5'

evergreen

orange-red

purple

Summer-fall bloomer; needs protection from afternoon sun and wind.

Salvia holwayi
Holways Sage

Guatemala, Mexico

FS-PS
20º

M
4'x8'

evergreen

red

purple

Fall-spring bloomer; under story plant.

Salvia 'Hot Lips'

Oaxaca, Mexico
Strybing Arboretum introduction

FS-PS
30º

S
3'x3'

semi-deciduous

variable white/red lip to red

green

Spring-fall bloomer. A unique salvia which was given to friends of Dick Turner–at their house-warming party–by their maid, Altagracia. Flowers vary from white to white/red to totally red on same plant.

Salvia indica

Middle East

FS
20º

S
1'x2'

evergreen

violet

green

Spring-summer bloomer; basal rosette of leaves.

Salvia 'Indigo Spires' (S. longispicata x S. farinacea)

Garden hybrid, Huntington Gardens

FS
15-20º

M
5'x5'

semi-deciduous

blue-purple

dark purple

Summer-fall bloomer; flowers all year in Santa Cruz; stems are brittle, protect from wind.

Salvia involucrata
Roseleaf Sage

Mexico

FS-PS
15-20º

M
5'x5'

semi-deciduous

pink-rose

pink

Summer-fall bloomer.

Salvia involucrata 'El Cielo'

El Cielo, Mexico

FS-PS
15-20º

M
5'x5'

semi-deciduous

magenta

reddish-purple

Summer-fall bloomer.

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