NOTE: This list was compliled by Chuck Smith,
Anthropology Instructor, for the use of his students in Cabrillo College's
Anthropology 6 class "Native Peoples of California"
A massive amount of literature exists on the history and culture of the
Native Peoples of California, but the quality is uneven, ranging from the
finest scholarship to outright fabrication. To provide a full bibliography
of Native Californian culture and history would require many good-sized
volumes (or in the case of the Internet, a lot of megabites). The bibliography
that appears below reflects both my own personal research interests as well
as what has proven useful for my students, friends and colleagues. Some
were chosen because they are good sources of general information; others
because they shed light on specific issues and/or events, thus allowing
a fuller appreciation for the richness and diversity of the California Indians'
cultures and histories. Ones that I recommend for a basic library collection
Also, there is an excellent bibliography for Northern and Central California
groups available through the California Indian Library Collection at Berkeley.
However, you need not go to Berkeley, since these are now available at most
county libraries. And should you not want to go to the library, then you
can access them
on the Web.
In addition to the books listed below, anyone interested in Native Californians
should consult News
From Native California, a quarterly periodical from Heyday Books
(Malcolm Margolin, publisher). Its many features and columns explore the
continuing traditions and current issues in which California Indians are
- Anderson, George E.; W. H. Ellison; and Robert F. Heizer. Treaty
Making and Treaty Rejection by the Federal Government in California, 1850-1852.
Ballena Press Publications in Archaeology, Ethnology, and History, no.
9. Socorro, N. Mex.: Ballena Press, 1978.
- Asisara, Lorenzo. Personal Narrative of a Former Neophyte Born
at Santa Cruz Mission in 1819. In History of Santa Cruz County,
California, Edmund Stanford Harrison, pp. 45-48. San Francisco: Pacific
Press Pub. Co.
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe.History of California . 7 vols.
San Francisco: History Co., 1884-89.
This is essential an American history of California,
but there is a good deal of information on Native Californians, although
it is seen through the lense of a white historian.
- Baumhoff, Martin A. Ecological Determinants of Aboriginal California
Population . University of California Publications in American
Archaeology and Ethnology:49, pt. 2, pp. 155-236. Berkeley: University
of California Press, 1956.
- Bean, Lowell John. Mukat's People: The Cahuilla Indians of Southern
California. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1972.
The Cahuilla present (as do so many California
Native Peoples) an intriguing exception to the usual generalizations about
gathering-hunting societies. Among other things, they possessed an elaborate
kinship system and firm concepts of land ownership along with hierarchical
access to resources. In this descriptive ethnography, Dr. Bean combines
an "insider" view with a functional/ecological approach to the
study of Cahuilla culture. Dr. Bean blends together material from a variety
of sources (history, geology, botany, geography, anthropology), including
his own extensive archival research and extensive fieldwork. He interweaves
his descriptions with a careful look at the adaptive significance of the
particular aspect of culture under scrutiny. His presentation is consistently
knowledgeable and sensitive and his treatment of women's roles is thoughtful
- Bean, Lowell John, ed. California Indian Shamanism. Ballena
Press Anthropological Papers No. 39. Menlo Park, CA: Ballena Press, 1992.
This volume is a collection of papers originally
presented at the California Indian Shamanism Scholars Conference, held
at California State University, Hayward in May 1990. It is the only volume
of its kind concerning indigenous California Indians. The nine papers included
cover a variety of tribes and regions: the Sierra Miwok, the Kumeyaay,
the Ohlone, and the Yurok among them. The authors of the papers have had
close relationships to the communities about which they write; authors
Jack Norton, Floyd Buckskin, and Frank LaPena are California Indians.
- Bean, Lowell John, and Thomas C. Blackburn, eds. Native Californians:
A Theoretical Retrospective. Ramona, Calif.: Ballena Press, 1976.
This book, intended primarily for classroom use,
presents a series of essays examining the complex dynamics of aboriginal
life in California, with an emphasis on cultural ecology and evolutionary
- Bean, Lowell John, and Sylvia Brakke Vane. California Indians:
Primary Resources . Socorro, N. Mex.: Ballena Press, 1977.
- Carrico, Richard L. Strangers in a Stolen Land: American Indians
in San Diego 1850-1880 . Newcastle, Calif.: Sierra Oaks Pub. Co.,
- Caughey, John W. The Indians of Southern California in 1852:
The B. D. Wilson Report and a Selection of Contemporary Comment .
Lincoln: U of Nebraska Press, 1995.
B. D. Wilson, one of the first American settlers
in Southern California, became a prosperous rancher, the mayor of the then
small Los Angeles, and a special friend of the Indians of Southern California.
In 1852, when the Indians were on the edge of catastrophe, Wilson was appointed
their subagent and his great contribution was to appraise the Indians'
problems and urge their settlement on land set aside for them. This report
was instrumental in creating the reservation system.
- Chartkoff, Joseph L.; and Kerry Kona Chartkoff. The Archaeology
of California. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1984.
This is a great "first book" for those
interested in what the archaeological record reveals about the history
of the California Indians. It is eminently readable, well illustrated,
and offers an integrated overview rather than a site-by-site survey, emphasizing
the interpretation of archaeological evidence rather than technical details.
The history of the Native Peoples is broken down into four periods and
each account of the four begins with a brief reconstruction, based on the
archaeological record, of the everyday life of the people of the time.
These are followed by thorough descriptions of sites, ecological and sociological
adaptations, cultural diversities, and analyses of the cultures' economy,
technology, and society. And one of the nicest features of the Chartkoff's
presentation is their constant linking of the history of one part of California
to that of other parts.
- Colson, Elizabeth. Autobiographies of Three Pomo Women .
University of California Archaeological Research Facility, Department of
Anthropology. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1974.
- Cook, Sherburne F. The Conflict Between the California Indian
and White Civilization. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1976.
This is the most thorough account of the substantial
disappearance of most of the Indian population of California, and the almost
utter extinction of its civilization under the influence of Spanish and
American culture. Detailed descriptions are provided of the reactions of
California Indians to the Spanish Mission system, to the civilian and military
inroads, and to the American invasion, along with analyses of trends in
population, marriage, divorce, and dietary adaptation among the native
- Costo, Rupert; and Jeannette Henry Costo, eds. The Missions of
California: A Legacy of Genocide . San Francisco: Indian Historian
- Cuero, Delfina. The Autobiography of Delfina
Cuero As Told to Florence Shipek. Morongo Indian Reservation: Malki
Museum Press, 1970.
This book should be read by all who are interested
in the often tragic tale of the descent of the Native Americans into the
ranks of the poverty-ridden. Unlike many other works dealing with this
subject, this is the Indian telling about the Indian. Mrs. Cuero was one
of the few members of her people (the Southern Diegueño or Kumeyaay)
who survived the decades of cultural stress upon California's coastal Indian
populations. She tells of Indians surviving from hand to mouth, belonging
nowhere, owning nothing, unrecognized as part of governmental responsibility
and exploited as the cheapest form of labor supply, the final result of
which was to "relegate them to the status of Orwellian non-persons."
- Dozier, Deborah. The Heart Is Fire: The World of the Cahuilla
Indians of Southern California. Berkeley: Heyday Books.
Five Cahuilla elders describe their world, past and
present, providing the reader with an unparalled view of, and rare insights
into, the life and times of the Cahuilla people.
- Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. California Indian Country: The Land &The
People. San Francisco: Trees Company Press, 1992.
This lavishly illustrated book is useful introduction
to California's indigenous people, liberally supplemented with commentary
of art, architecture, sacred places, music, food, ecology and other subjects,
with an emphasis on present-day concentrations of native populations, rancherias,
- Emanuels, George. California Indians: An Illustrated Guide.
Walnut Creek, Calif: Diablo Books, 1990.
The body of this book is comprised of 16 short chapters,
each describing a particular California Indian nation, and weaving together
information from both the "ethnographic present" and the European
and American periods. Black and white photos, along with a few line drawings,
accompany each of the essays.
- Frank, L. Acorn Soup. Berkeley, Calif: Heyday Books,
This book is a collection of the drawings of
the TONGVA / AJACMEM artist L Frank, and is, in the artist's own words,
an "amusing horror," a raucous, thought-provoking plunge into
Native American humor. L. Frank's drawings have appeared frequently in
News From Native California The book also contains an interview with the
artist and an annotated appendix.
- Forbes, Jack D. Native Americans of California and Nevada.
Healdsburg, Calif.: Naturegraph, 1969.
A very nice and compact summary of California
Indian history, especially on relations with the federal government. Dr.
Forbes does a splended job of dispelling many of the erroneous beliefs
held by non-Indians about the California and Nevada native peoples. He
graphically describes the cruel conquest of the natives which was brought
on by white prejudice and selfishness and suggests plans and projects for
integrating the native peoples into white consciousness.
- Geiger, Maynard, and Clement W. Meighan, eds. As the Padres Saw
Them: California Indian Life and Customs as Reported by the Franciscan
Missionaries, 1813-1815. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Santa Barbara Mission
Archive Library, 1976.
- Gendar, Jeannine. Grass Games and Moon Races: California Indian
Games and Toys. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1998.
This book is written in such vivid prose that
the games literally leap from the page and into the mind of the reader.
With affection and humor, Ms. Gendar combines personal accounts, historic
and contemporary photos, anecdotes, and drawings of gaming equipment, and
provides the reader with an unparalleled view of the lively games which
were such an integral part of the California Indian life for children and
- Gibson, Robert O. The Chumash. New
York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1991.
For thousands of years the Chumash inhabited a territory
along the southern coast of California, creating a social system that included
class divisions, the use of shell-bead currency, and an elaborate material
culture. Then in 1769 the Spanish came and the Chumash world began to deteriorate.
Mr. Gibson's book presents an overview of Chumash lifeways before, during,
and after the coming of the Europeans and serves as a useful introduction
to these once numerous people and their very sophisticated culture.
- Gifford, Edward Winslow, and Gwendolyn Harris Block, comps. California
Indian Nights Entertainments: Stories of the Creation of the World, of
Man, of Fire, of the Sun, of Thunder, etc. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur
H. Clark, 1930.
Folklore and mythology were to the Native Californians
as history and science are to many twentieth century societies: the means
for explaining how the world and what it held came to be. While many popular
collections exist, they are poorly done and often misleading, and frequently
contain racist stereotypes. Gifford's and Block's work does not - it is
excellent and draws examples of the main types of tales from all regions
of the state.
- Goodrich, Jennie, Claudia Lawson, and Vana Parrish Lawson. Kashaya
Pomo Plants. Berkeley: Heyday Books.
This is one of only a handful of ethnobotanical
references written primarily by California Indians. It is based upon the
knowledge and teachings of Essie Parrish, a nenowned Kashaya Pomo spiritual
leader and premier ethnobotanist, this book describes in detail 150 common
plants growing in Kashaya Pomo territory (coastal Sonoma County) that were,
and still are, important part of Kashaya culture.
- Grant, Campbell. The Rock Paintings of the Chumash: A Study of
a California Indian Culture. Berkeley: U. of California Press,
This is a magnificent book lavishly illustrated with
photographs of the rock art sites, coloured transcripts of the paintings,
and inventories of the pictographic elements used. Additionally, the author
gives an in depth historical and anthropological account of the Chumash
and their territory.
- Heizer, Robert F., ed. The Destruction of California Indians:
A Collection of Documents from the Period 1847 to 1865 in which Are Described
Some of the Things that Happened to Some of the Indians of California.
Santa Barbara, Calif.: Peregrine Smith, 1974.
It's believed that between 1847 and 1865, some 50,000
California Indians died, many as the result of simple and direct homicide
on the part of Americans who believed and acted as though their continued
existence depended upon the total removal of the "Indian menace."
Heizer's book is a unique collection of rare primary documents providing
graphic evidence of the destruction of California Indians at the hands
of the Americans.
- Heizer, Robert F., ed. The Eighteen Unratified Treaties of 1851-1852
between the California Indians and the United States Government.
Berkeley: U. of California Archaeological Research Facility, 1972.
- Heizer, Robert F., ed. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol.
8 California, ed. by William C. Sturtevant, Washington D.C., 1978.
A collection of essays by leading authorities,
comprehensively reviewing all aspects of indigenous life in Califoria,
including language, prehistory, social organization, relationship with
the U.S. government (e.g. treaties), and more. A strength is that each
of the sketches covers a region or native tribe in California and has an
extensive list of references for further research.
- Heizer, Robert F. The Indians of California: A Critical Bibliography.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976.
This is an excellent guide to reliable sources
and studies in the field of California Indian research and is immensely
useful to both beginning students and scholars. The book has two main parts:
an essay and an alphabetical list of all works cited.
- Heizer, Robert F. They Were Only Diggers: A Collection of Articles
from California Newspapers, 1851-1866, on Indian and White Relations.
Ramona, Calif.: Ballena Press, 1974.
- Heizer, Robert F., and Albert B. Elsasser. The
Natural World of the California Indians. Berkeley: U. of California
This compact, information-packed book is an excellent
survey of Native Californian ethnohistory and technology, with special
emphasis on the relationship between culture and environment. It discusses
how Native Californians defined territories, describes the patterns of
village life, and explains the nature and uses of Indian artifacts in procuring
and preparing food and other necessities. It analyzes the richness and
stability of the subsistence base (acorns, salmon, shellfish, etc.) and
describes the various subsistence strategies and technologies. Also, it
summarizes the destruction of Indian cultures and the decimation of the
- Heizer, Robert F., Karen M. Nissen, and Edward D. Castillo. California
Indian History: A Classified and Annotated Guide to Source Materials.
Socorro, N. Mexico: Ballena Press, 1976.
Many histories of post-contact California include
the Native People merely as backdrops to European and American events -
the Indians are viewed as an unnecessary part of the landscape. Furthermore,
many anthropological works dealing with the California Indians attempt
to depict them in their pre-contact state. The unfortunate upshot of this
is that the Indians almost disappear from history. This work attempts to
redress this by emphasizing the substantial literature which recounts California
Indian history rather than that of the European and American colonists.
In addition to providing an annotated listing of the older historical literature,
many of the listings indicate that problems of the California Indians in
the 20th century are still live issues. For anyone interested in Native
Californians, this is an invaluable resource.
- Heizer, Robert F., and M. A. Whipple, eds. The California Indians:
A Source Book. 2d rev. ed. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1971.
The essays in this volume provide the reader
with a general survey of California Indian native cultures as well as cultures
in transition. It is intended for the general reading public, not scholars.
There is a very useful and extensive bibliography listing hundreds of published
works arranged by culture areas and subjects.
- Hinton, Leanne. Flutes of Fire: Essays on California Indian Languages.
Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1994.
Before the coming of the Europeans and Americans,
more than 100 distinct langues were spoken in California, many of them
still in use today. Each of these represents a unique way of understanding
the world and expressing that understanding. Dr. Hinton's book captures
the range, beauty, and delight of these languages in four basic sections:
Men's and Women's Languages; Counting Systems; Language and History; and
Keeping Languages Alive.
- Hurtado, Albert L. Indian Survival on the California Frontier.
New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1988.
In the middle decades of the nineteenth century,
hundreds of thousands of whites poured into California, devastating the
native Indian population. Dr. Hurtado's book focuses on the Indians and
whites who lived during this time, using household reconstruction and analyses
of Indians' occupations and sex and birth ratios. The result is a revision
of long-held ideas about the Indian experience - stereotypes of docile
native slaves are replaced with portraits of working and raiding Indians,
women and men who helped to shape California history. In this book the
Native Californians emerge not as victims of white rapacity, or backdrops
in the drama of white history, but as active participants in their own,
and white, history.
- Indians of California. California History, The Magazine
of the California Historical Society. San Francisco: California Historical
Society, Fall 1992.
This is a collection of essays on a variety of topics
relevant to understanding California Indians in the past and present: the
diversity and complexity of their cultures; the nature of the people who
studied them; the California mission as symbol and myth; sexuality in the
missions; contemporary Native American art; Indian life in the city; and
an essay on a contemporary Ohlone tribal revitalization movement.
- The Indians of California. Alexandria,
Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1994.
Richly illustrated and well written overview of pre-European
lifeways, the impact of the missions, and the struggle to survive during
the American conquest.
- Jackson, Robert H., and Edward Castillo. Indians, Franciscans,
and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission System on California
Indians. Albuquerque: U. of New Mexico Press, 1995.
The overriding goals of the Spanish missionaries
in California were to mold Indians into a work force and to regulate their
moral conduct and religious practices. This ethnohistory, drawing on previously
unused sources, examines Indian life in the twenty-one missions established
in Alta California and analyzes both change and continuity in Indian material
culture and religious practices in the period from 1769 to 1848.
- Keeling, Richard. Cry for Luck: Sacred Song and Speech among
the Yurok, Hupa, and Karok Indians of Northwestern California.
Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1992.
Little has been known about the music of the Native
Californians, except that it was very important. Dr. Keeling's book remedies
that for the Yurok, Hupa, and Karok peoples. Drawing upon his own field
studies, earlier ethnographic studies and mythological narratives, he demonstrates
how singing has been shaped by aboriginal practices quite different from
what non-Indians regard as music-making, recounting how medicine songs
and spoken forumulas were applied to a range of activities from hunting
to curing or gaining power over an uninterested member of the opposite
- Keyworth, C. L. California Indians. New York: Facts on
This brief work describes the life ways and surroundings
of many California nations, recounting their history from the time they
first appeared up to the present day. The essays are accompanied by many
photographs (black and white and color).
- Kroeber, Alfred L. Handbook of the Indians of California.
Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin no. 78. Washington, D.C.: Government
Printing Office, 1925 (republished by Dover Publications, 1976).
This was, and in some ways still is, THE starting
place for learning about the Native Californians, detailing for 105 tribal
groups their pre-White cultural backgrounds, the nearly infinite details
of making a living, the social customs, technology, material culture, etc.
But the reader needs to bear in mind that over the last 75 years, many
scholars and Native Californians have called into question much of the
data, and the interpretations of that data, found in this work.
- Kreober, Theodora. Ishi in Two Worlds: A Biography
of the Last Wild Indian in North America. Berkeley: U. of California
- Krober, Theodora; Elsasser, Albert B., and Robert F. Heizer. Drawn
From Life: California Indians In Pen and Brush. Socorro, New Mexico:
Ballena Press, 1977.
This is a wonderful collection of some 322 oil paintings,
watercolors, etchings, lithographs, drawings and pencil sketches of California
Indians, covering a period of something over 200 years. They reveal individual
Native Californians as the artists saw or conceived them to be, and in
some ways tell us more about the artists than the Native Californians.
Nonetheless, they are a valuable visual resource about the California Indians.
- Latta, Frank F. Handbook of Yokuts Indians. Santa Cruz,
Calif.: Bear State Books, 1977.
- Lang, Julian, editor and translator. Ararapikva: Traditional
Karuk Indian Literature from Northwestern California. Berkeley:
Heyday Books, 1998.
This is a welcome addition to the growing body of
bilingual material on the California Indians. The text is written in both
Karuk and English, and along with the introductory material which helps
the reader in understanding the language, culture, and oral literature
tratiions of the Karuk people, "offers an in-depth experience of the
beauties and mysteries of Karuk literature at its best."
- Krober, Theodora, and Robert F. Heizer. Almost Ancestors: The
First Californians. Edited by David Hales. San Francisco: Sierra
- Margolin, Malcolm. Monterey in 1786: The Journals of Jean Francois
de La Pérouse. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1989.
In September, 1786 two French ships put into Monterey
Bay, the first foreign vesseles to visit Spainish California. Aboard was
a party of scientists, navigators, map makers, illustrators, and physicians.
The commander was La Pérouse who took detailed notes on the natural
and cultural environments, especially the customs of the Indians recently
drawn into the mission. His journal provides a startling portrait of the
brutal conditions under which the Indians existed within the mission system.
Margolin's introduction and commentary place La Pérouse's writings
within the broader context of both Indian and white culture history.
- Margolin, Malcolm. The Ohlone Way: Indian
Life in the San Francisco - Monterey Bay Area. Berkeley: Heyday
A little more than two centuries ago, the San
Franciso - Monterey Bay areas were lands of "inexpressible fertility",
home to over 10,000 Ohlone (or Costanoans as they are often called). This
book vividly recreates their world and their lives in a prose style that
is both scholarly and sensitive, allowing the reader to savor the extraordinary
texture of Indian life in the Bay area.
- Margolin, Malcolm, ed. and commentator. The Way We Lived: California
Indian Reminiscences, Stories, and Songs. Berkeley: Heyday Books,
Here is the story of California Indians in their
own words. Mr. Margolin has chosen a collection of reminiscences, stories,
and songs that reflect both the diversity of the California Indians, as
well as the richness of their cultural traditions. These selections will
fill you, as they did Mr. Margolin, with wonderment and give you a "deeper
understanding not only of Native Californians, but of all humanity."
- Margolin, Malcolm, and Yolanda Montijo. California Indian Stories
and Memories. Berkeley: Heyday Books.
Written for children, Margolin and Montijo have
created one of the most authentic resources on California Indians. Using
a clear, easy-to-read style, the authors vividly describe various aspects
of traditional and contemporary Indian life, supplementing their text with
- Mayfield, Thomas Jefferson. Indian Summer: Taditional Life Among
the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley. Introduction
by Malcolm Margolin. Berkeley: Heyday Books. 1996.
This is an eyewitness account of the life of the
Choinumne at the middle of the nineteenth century and offers a "rare
window into a complex culture few outsiders were ever privilieged to see
- McCawley, William. The First Angelinos: The Gabrielino Indians
of Los Angeles. Banning, Calif.: Malki Museum Press, 1996.
This is the definitive study of the Gabrielino, a
work blending thorough research with skillful writing.
- Norton, Jack. Genocide in Northwestern California. San
Francisco: The Indian Historian Press, 1979.
- Phillips, George Harwood. Chiefs and Challengers: Indian Resistance
and Cooperation in Southern California. Berkeley: U. of California
Much of California history has been written as
if only whites were the important instigators of events and trends, while
Indians are usually viewed as passive and helpless witnesses to their own
destruction. In Dr. Phillips' book he has assembled a large body of historical
and ethnographical data demonstrating that Indians were often of crucial
importance in shaping early California history.
- Phillips, George Harwood. The Enduring Struggle: Indians in California
History. Sparks, Nevada: Materials For Today's Learning, Inc. 1990.
In this slender volume Dr. Phillips summarizes and
interprets what is known of California Indian history. He discusses the
initial Spanish conquest and settlement, the missionization along the central
and southern coast, and the aftermath of the breaking up of the missions.
He then turns his historical lense on the violence carried out against
the Indians with the coming of the Americans at mid-nineteenth century,
and the long period of deprivation and dispossession which characterized
their life during the latter part of the nineteenth and early half of the
twentieth centuries. This is followed by a summation of the federal Indian
policies of the mid-twentieth century and ends by discussing the contemporary
- Phillips, George Harwood. Indians and Intruders in Central California,
1769-1849. Norman, Oklahoma: U. of Oklahoma Press, 1993.
With the arrival of the Spanish, the lives of the
California Indians changed dramatically and drastically. Brought into the
mission system, they were forced to abandon their traditional cultures
and become Hispanizied serfs, working for their European overlords. However,
many Indians chose not to participate and fled into the interior, only
to be followed by armed soldiers. Joining forces with the Indians of the
interior, who never had been colonized, they resisted Spanish incursions
and by the time of the American conquest they were on the offensive, raiding
the Mexican ranchos and towns. In this book, Dr. Phillips demonstrates
how the Indians of the interior were active members of independent, evolving
societies, and that their raids on the coast contributed to the decline
of the Mexican economy. In so doing, Dr. Phillips reveals the profound
effect the Indians had on California history before the American conquest.
- Powers, Stephen. Tribes of California. Introduction and
notes by Robert F. Heizer. Berkeley: U. of California Press, 1976.
Powers, a journalist of great perceptiveness,
carried out the first serious and systematic ethnography in California.
- Quinn, Arthur. Hell With The Fire Out: A History of the Modoc
War. Faber and Faber Inc., 1998.
"This book is about human passivity, how sometimes,
especially in war, human beings seem but the playthings of the demonic."
This book is also a good place to begin examining the post-Civil War "holocaust
that descended upon Native America."
- Rapoport, Roger, and Margot Lind. Indian Museums: A Directory.
Motorland: California State Automobile Association, March/April 1992: 36-37,
This is a convenient list of museums which focus
on northern native California Indian cultures, as well as cultures in Nevada.
The emphasis is on the continuing cultural traditions of the cultures interpreted.
An adaptation of Malcolm Margolin's introduction to The Way We Lived
preceeds the directory.
- Rawls, James J. Indians of California: The
Changing Image. Norman: U. of Oklahoma Press, 1984.
This doumentation of the demise of California's
native peoples at the hands of the Europeans and Americans is thoughtful
and very well written. The bibliography is splendid.
- Reid, Hugo. The Indians of Los Angles County: Hugo Reid's Letters
of 1852. Southwest Museum Papers, no. 21. Ed. by Robert F. Heizer.
Los Angeles: Southwest Museum, 1968.
Written by a Scot who was married to a Gabrielino
woman, this collection of twenty-two letters originally published in the
Los Angeles Star in 1852 is an authoritative description of tribal
customs and mission life at San Gabriel.
- Sarris, Greg. Mabel McKay: Weaving the Dream. Berkeley:
U. of California Press, 1994.
This biography of a great Pomo basketweaver and
healer is "wonderful, and is urgently needed in these days of confusion
over Native American identity and Native American spirituality. As charlatan
'medicine people' proliferate, and make huge profits from their chicanery,
Mabel's story shows us the truth about the ways in which the spirit voices
manifest themselves." In the telling of Mabel's story, Dr. Sarris
also recounts how Pomo culture has continued despite the ruptures it has
faced in the twentieth century.
- Shepherd, Alice. In My Own Words: Stories, Songs, and Memories
of Grace McKibben Wintu. Berkely: Heyday Books, 1998.
This is the only bilingual collection of Wintu
oral literature and "marks a milestone in Indian linguistics."
Dr. Sheperd's rendering of the Wintu storyteller Grace McKibben's songs,
stories, and memories brings the Wintu world alive for the reader.
- Shipley, William, editor and translator. The Maidu Indian Myths
and Stories of Hanc'ibyjim. Berekely: Heyday Book, 1998.
Dr. Shipley's translation of this world-class collection
of Maidu myths is a "stunning combination of master storytelling and
- Teixeira, Lauren S. The Costanoan/Ohlone Indians of the San Francisco
Bay Area: A Research Guide. Ballena Press, 1998.
This book is an excellent research tool for those
who already possess some familiarity with the seemingly ever expanding
- Vane, Sylvia Brakke and Lowell John Bean. California Indians:
Primary Resources, A Guide to Manuscripts, Artifacts, Documents, Serials,
Music, and Illustrations. Menlo Park, Calif.: Ballena Press, 1990.
This is the definitive compendium of research materials
for California's indigenous people. Of greatest usefulness is a county-by-county
list of resources; however, the volume also includes a directory to California
materials found in other states and even other countries.
- Walker, Phillip L., and Travis Hudson. Chumash Healing: Changing
Health and Medical Practices in an American Indian Society. Banning,
Calif.: Malki Museum Press, 1993.
This is one of the first works solely devoted to
the medical knowledge of California Indians.
- Wilson, Darryl B. The Morning the Sun Went
Down. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1998.
This autobiography by a member of the Achumawe/Atsugewi
nations is a gripping story "that will change the way we think about
Native California people of the past and present." Mr. Wilson "deftly
interweaves Native American myths with stories of youthful innocence and
experience to produce a richly textured, lyrical, and poignant memoir."
Last Update: February 2000