Native Americans

Readings About Cultural and Biological Impacts Of European Colonization

What were the consequences of the invasion of the Americas by Europeans? To what extent are these consequences being felt today? These books discuss various aspects of this topic. All are aimed at adults, unless otherwise noted. A reference librarian in a public or secondary school can obtain these books through the interlibrary loan program if they are unavailable locally.

 Axtell, James. After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

________. Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America. Oxford and New York. Oxford University Press, 1992.

________. The European & the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

The Axtell books are collections of essays on the encounters between Native Americans and Europeans in Colonial America.


Barreiro, JosÈ, editor. Indian Roots of American Democracy. Ithaca, NY: Akwe:Kon Press/Cornell University, 1992, 1988. Essays by a number of scholars, including several who are Iroquois, on Iroquois influences on the formation of U.S. government in the 1700s, and on the development of the women's rights movements in the 1800s.

Calloway, Colin G. New Worlds for All: Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. An exploration of the new cultures that emerged from the meeting and interaction of Indian and European in early America.

Churchill, Ward. Since Predator Came: Notes from the Struggle for American Indian Liberation. Littleton, CO: Aigis Publications, 1995. In these essays, Creek/Cherokee author Ward Churchill documents the atrocities of the past and discusses their effects in the present.

Crosby, Alfred W., Jr. The Columbian Exchange: Biological & Cultural Consequences of 1492. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1972. Examines the impact of Columbus' voyages on the global ecosystem.

Dobyns, Henry F. Their Number Became Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983. Analyzes population trends in North America from 1492 to the present day.

Grinde, Donald A., Jr. The Iroquois & the Founding of the American Nation. San Francisco: The Indian Historian Press, 1977. A study of the Iroquois influence on the formation of the U.S. government.

Hoxie, Frederick E., editor. Indians in American History: An Introduction. Arlington Heights, IL: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1988. A collection of essays concerning the Indian impact on post-contact American history.

Jennings, Francis. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. New York: Norton, 1976, c1975. A valuable study.

________. The Ambiguous Iroquois Empire: The Covenant Chain Confederation of Indian Tribes with English Colonies from its Beginnings to the Lancaster Treaty of 1744. New York: Norton, 1983. A valuable study.

________. The Founders of America: How Indians Discovered the Land, Pioneered in It, and Created Great Classical Civilizations, How they were Plunged into a Dark Age by Invasion & Conquest, and How They are Recovering. New York: Norton, 1993. A valuable study.

Konig, Hans. Columbus: His Enterprise; Exploding the Myth. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1991, c1976. Serves to counteract the popular myths about Columbus and his voyages and describes the fate of the native peoples he encountered. Ages 12 and up.

________. The Conquest of America: How the Indian Nations Lost Their Continent. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1993. An account of the ongoing war waged by Europeans against the native peoples of the Americas during the five centuries since Columbus' arrival. Ages 12 and up.

Nabokov, Peter, editor. Native American Testimony: A Chronicle of Indian-White Relations from Prophecy to the Present, 1492-1992. New York: Penguin Books, 1991, 1978. Five centuries of Indian-white relations as seen through Indian eyes and told in Indian voices.

Nichols, Roger L. & George R. Adams, editors. The American Indian: Past & Present. Lexington, MA: Xerox College Publishing, 1971. Useful essays by 24 scholars.

Ramenosky, Ann F. Vectors of Death: The Archaeology of European Contact. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987. A study of the impact of European diseases on Native American population.

Thornton, Russell. American Indian Holocaust & Survival: A Population History Since 1492. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987. This book presents a detailed assessment of how many Indians were living in the Americas in 1492, and how many died from the impact of Old World diseases and wars with Europeans.

Viola, Herman J., & Carolyn Margolis, editors. Seeds of Change: A Quincentennial Commemoration. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991. This large, well-illustrated book traces Old and New World exchanges of sugar, maize, potatoes, wine, horses, and other plants and animals, as well as diseases, over the course of 500 years.

Wearne, Phillip. Return of the Indian: Conquest & Revival in the Americas. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996. Discusses the experiences and struggles of the indigenous peoples of North, Central, and South America.

Weatherford, Jack. Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1988. Describes how Native American contributions in many areas (government, medicine, agriculture, architecture, trade and commerce, etc.) changed the world.

________. Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1991. Focuses on the vital role that Indian civilizations played in the making of the United States.

________. Savages & Civilization: Who Will Survive? New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. Examines how industrial civilization threatens to obliterate unique tribal and ethnic cultures around.


Native American Women

Native American Spirituality, Religion, and Medicine

Sterotype vs. Reality


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Updated: 09 Mar 2000