KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS

BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY SECTION / OCEAN 10

 

•  Biozones, Benthic / Pelagic

•  Surpralittoral (splash zone)

•  Littoral ( intertidal )

•  Sublittoral

•  Neritic / Coastal

•  Oceanic

•  Ecology / Nich

 

Understand how the following effects: distribution / development / function of life in the oceans:

•  Photic Zone

•  Photosynthesis

•  Bioluminescence

•  Pressure / Temperature

•  Currents / Waves

•  Salinity / Nutrients / Dissolved Gases (O2 and CO2 )

•  Biological Attributes: speed, armor, poisons, camouflage, reproduction and offspring etc.

•  Substrate / Chemosynthesis / Plate Tectonics

 

•  Plankton, Phytoplankton / Zooplankton

•  Food Web

•  Trophic Level / Trophic Pyramid

•  Biomass

•  Trends in population, size and biomass with trophic pyramids

•  Omnivore / Herbivore / Carnivore

•  Autotrophs / Heterotrophs

•  Primary Production, Gross and Net Primary Production

•  Measuring Primary Production

•  Global Distribution of Primary Production

•  Changes in Primary Production with latitude and seasons

•  Kingdom Protista

•  Phylum Chrysophyta (Diatoms, Coccoliths)

•  Phylum Dinophyta (Dinoflagellates)

•  Phylum Sarcodina (Foraminifera / Radiolaria)

•  Blooms / Red Tides

•  Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Arthropoda

•  Class Crustacea: Copepods / Euphausiids (also known as Krill)

•  Holoplankton / Meroplankton, examples of each

 

•  Nekton, Kingdom Animalia

•  Phylum Mollusca

   Class Cepholopoda: Squid

•  Phylum Chordata

   Class Mammalia: Mammals

   Order Cetacea: Baleen and Toothed Whales

   Order Carnivora: Pinnipeds, Sea Otters

   Class Reptilia: Reptiles

   Class Aves: Birds

   Class Chondrichthes Cartilagenous Fish

   Class Osteichthyes or Boney Fish