OCEAN CURRENTS OUTLINE

FOR ALL OCEAN 10 STUDENTS

INTRO, TYPES: Wind Driven Surface Currents and Density Driven Currents (Thermohaline Circulation)

PART 1:

Motion of the Atmosphere

Effects of the Earth' rotation

Coriolis Effect

Earth's changing rotational velocities

Earth's major wind patterns

PART 2:

Measuring Ocean Currents and Structure

CTD's, satellites, buoys, drift cards, current meters, accidents

PART 3:

General Surface Currents and Patterns

Ekman Spiral

Ekman Transport

Gyres

Zones of Divergence / Upwelling

Zones of Convergence / Downwelling

Geostrophic Flow

Boundary Currents: Eastern Boundary Currents and Western Intensification

PART 4:

Ocean Structure & Water Masses

Thermocline, Halocline, Pycnocline

Surface Zone and Deep Zone

El Nino / ENSO