Study Guides for Astro 4 MW Morn - Spr 17

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. In this case, you'll see an "L" out in front. That means consult your notes from my "L"ecture on that material. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. In these cases, you'll see an "R" (for "reasoning required"). So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have.

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1 
 ----------------------
  0.3   The Real World                                                       
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                 
  0.3   The Real World                                                       
L 0     Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking                                
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  3.3a  How did Copernicus, Tycho, Kepler challenge Earth-centered ideas?    
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  

 Quiz #2                                                                       
 ---------------------
  S2.3b Do the effects predicted by relativity really occur?                 
  4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
    &   3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                            
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
    &   4.4   The Universal Law of Gravitation                               
  4.5a  How do gravity & energy allow us to understand orbits?               
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
  5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?                                        
  5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?                
  5.2a  What is light?                                                       
  6.1b  How do we record images?                                              

 Quiz #3                                                                      
 ---------------------
L 14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                           
L 14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?                      
R 15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              

 Quiz #4                                                                      
 ---------------------
L 16.2a What slows the contraction of a star-forming cloud?                   
  16.2c How does nuclear fusion begin in a newborn star?                     
  16.1b Why do stars form?                                                   
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  17.2a What are the life stages of a low-mass star?                         
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
L 18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  18.1a What is a white dwarf?                                               

 Quiz #5                                                                       
 ---------------------
  19.3b How did our galaxy form?                                             
    &   15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?                       
  19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?                     
    &   19.1a What does our galaxy look like?                                
  19.3b How did our galaxy form?                                             
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.4a What lies in the center of our galaxy?                               
L 20.1  Islands of Stars                                                     
L 20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology                       
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
L 21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                    

 Quiz #6                                                                      
 ---------------------
L 22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?                     
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                     
  22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?                     
  22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?                       
  23.1b What is the history of the universe in Big Bang Theory?              
  23.3a What aspects were unexplained in original Big Bang theory?           
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                            
    &   20.3d How does expansion affect distance measurements?               
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                 
L 24    Life in the Universe                                                 

 

      Final Exam Study Guide

 

  0.3   The Real World                                                       
  0.5   Steps of the Scientific Method                                        
  0.6   Pseudo-Science                                                       
    &   3.5b  Does astrology have any scientific validity?                   
  0.1   Natural Selection & Development of Mind                               
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  
  S3.3  A New View of Gravity                                                
R 4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
R 4.4b  How does Newton's law of gravity extend Kepler's Laws?               
    &   4.1b  How is mass different from weight?                             
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  5.3b  What are the phases of matter?                                       
L 5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?                                        
  5.2a  What is light?                                                       
  6.3a  How does earth's atmosphere affect ground observations?              
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                           
  14.3c How does solar activity vary with time?                              
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                         
  14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?                             
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.2a What is the HR diagram?                                              
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  16.3b What is the greatest mass a newborn star can have?                   
  16.1b Why do stars form?                                                   
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  17.1a How does a star's mass affect nuclear fusion                         
    &   17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?              
  18.1  White Dwarfs                                                          
  18.3a What is a black hole?                                                
  19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?                           
L 19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.2a How is gas recycled in our galaxy                                    
    &   16.1a Where do stars form?                                           
  19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy                                      
  20.1b What are the 3 major types of galaxies?                              
  20.3a How did Hubble prove galaxies lie far beyond the Milky Way?          
L 21    Galaxy Evolution                                                     
  20.1b What are the 3 major types of galaxies?                              
  21.3a What are quasars?                                                    
L 21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
L 22    Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe                
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                    
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
    &   23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?           
R 23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                             
L 24    Life in the Universe                                                
L 24.2b Could there be life on Europa or other Jovian moons?