Study Guides for Astro 4 MW Morn - Spr 18

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. So be sure to study the PowerPoints on that material as well. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. Again, consult the PowerPoints. So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have. Again to be clear - the relevant subsection title name is NOT the literal question I will ask you!

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1 
 ----------------------
   0.1   Natural Selection & Development of Mind                              
   0.2   Using this in Learning                                                
   0.8   Occam's Razor                                                        
   0.3   The Real World                                                       
   0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                
    &   3.5b  Does astrology have any scientific validity?                   
   T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
   T     my online essay "On Teaching"           
                              
  3.3c  How did Galileo solidify the Copernican Revolution?                  
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                                       

 Quiz #2                                                                       
 ---------------------
   S3.1b Is all motion relative?                                              
  4.3b  What keeps a planet rotating and orbiting the sun?                   
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
    &   3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                            
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
    &   5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?          
  5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?                                       
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
  5.4a  What are the three basic types of spectra?                           
  6.2c  What do astronomers do with telescopes?                              

 Quiz #3                                                                      
 ---------------------
  14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?                            
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                          
  14.2b How does the energy from fusion get out of the sun?                  
  14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?                     
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                        
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                                  

 Quiz #4                                                                      
 ---------------------
  16.1b Why do stars form?                                                   
  16.3a What is the smallest mass a newborn star can have?                    
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                 
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                         
  17.1a How does a star's mass affect nuclear fusion                         
    &   17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?              
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  18    The Bizarre Stellar Graveyard                                        
  18.1  White Dwarfs                                                         
  18.3b What would it be like to visit a black hole?                         

 

 Quiz #5                                                                       
 ---------------------
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19    Our Galaxy                                                           
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy                                     
  19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?                           
  20.2a How do we measure the distances to galaxies?                         
  20.1  Islands of Stars                                                     
  21.3a What are quasars?                                                    
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                               
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
      &   20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?                             

   

 Quiz #6                                                                      
 ---------------------
  22.2a What is the evidence for dark matter in galaxies?                    
  22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?                     
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                    
  22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?                       
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                    
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                            
    &   20.3d How does expansion affect distance measurements?               
  23.4a Why is the darkness of night evidence for the Big Bang?              
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                  
  24.2b Could there be life on Europa or other jovian moons?                 

 

      Final Exam Study Guide

 

   0     Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking                                
  0.5   Steps of the Scientific Method                                        
    &   3.4a  How can we distinguish science from nonscience?                
  0.5   Steps of the Scientific Method                                       
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                 
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  3.3a  How did Copernicus, Tycho, Kepler challenge Earth-centered ideas?    
  S2.3b Do the effects predicted by relativity really occur?                 
  4.5a  How do gravity & energy allow us to understand orbits?               
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  4.4b  How does Newton's law of gravity extend Kepler's Laws?               
    &   4.1b  How is mass different from weight?                             
  5.3b  What are the phases of matter?                                       
  5.2a  What is light?                                                        
  5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?                                       
  6.1b  How do we record images?                                             
  14.3c How does solar activity vary with time?                               
  14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?                            
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?                      
  15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?                             
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              
  16.3c What are the typical masses of newborn stars?                        
  16.2c How does nuclear fusion begin in a newborn star?                     
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  17.2a What are the life stages of a low-mass star?                         
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?                           
  19.4a What lies in the center of our galaxy?                               
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?                     
    &   19.1a What does our galaxy look like?                                
  20.1b What are the 3 major types of galaxies?                               
  20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology                      
  21.3a What are quasars?                                                    
  21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                   
  21    Galaxy Evolution                                                     
  21.3d How do quarars let us study gas between galaxies?                    
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                    
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
  22    Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe                
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                            
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.1b What is the history of the universe in Big Bang Theory?              
  24.1b How did life arise on Earth?                                     
  24    Life in the Universe