Study Guides for Astro 4 MW Morn - Spr '19

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. So be sure to study the PowerPoints on that material as well. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. Again, consult the PowerPoints. So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have. Again to be clear - the relevant subsection title name is NOT the literal question I will ask you!

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1 
 ----------------------
0.1 Natural Selection & Development of Mind
0.3 The Real World
0.7 General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test
0.3 The Real World
0.8 Occam's Razor

    & 3.4a How can we distinguish science from nonscience?
T my online essay "On Teaching"
T my online essay "On Teaching"

3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?
3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?

Quiz #2
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S3.1b Is all motion relative?
4.3b What keeps a planet rotating and orbiting the sun?
4.2b What are Newton's three laws of motion?
4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
    & 3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?
4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
5.2a What is light?
5.2a What is light?
5.5a How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?
6.2c What do astronomers do with telescopes?
6.1b How do we record images?

Quiz #3
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14.1c What is the Sun's structure?
    & 14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.2b How does the energy from fusion get out of the sun?
15.1b How do we measure stellar temperatures?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?
15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?
15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?

Quiz #4
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16.1a Where do stars form?
16.2c How does nuclear fusion begin in a newborn star?
16.1b Why do stars form?
17.2b How does a low-mass star die?
17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
18.3c Do black holes really exist?
18.1 White Dwarfs
18.1a What is a white dwarf?

Quiz #5
---------------------
19.3b How did our galaxy form?
    & 15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?
19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy
19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?
    & 19.1a What does our galaxy look like?
19.2a How is gas recycled in our galaxy
    & 16.1a Where do stars form?
19 Our Galaxy
20.3a How did Hubble prove galaxies lie far beyond the Milky Way?
20 Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology
21.3a What are quasars?
21.3 Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei
21.3 Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei

Quiz #6
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22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?
22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?
22.2a What is the evidence for dark matter in galaxies?
22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?
23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?
  & 20.3d How does expansion affect distance measurements?
23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
23.1b What is the history of the universe in Big Bang Theory?
23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?
23.4a Why is the darkness of night evidence for the Big Bang?
24 Life in the Universe

       Final Exam Study Guide

 0.6 Pseudo-Science
     & 3.5b Does astrology have any scientific validity?
 0.3 The Real World
 0.7 General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test
 0 Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking
 T My online essay "On Teaching"
 T My online essay "On Teaching"
 3.3c How did Galileo solidify the Copernican Revolution?
 S3.3 A New View of Gravity
 4.4a What determines the strength of gravity?
 4.4a What determines the strength of gravity?
 4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
 5.4b How does light tell us what things are made of?
 5.3c How is energy stored in atoms?
 5.4c How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?
  6.3a How does earth's atmosphere affect ground observations?
14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?
14.1c What is the Sun's structure?
14.3c How does solar activity vary with time?
14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
16.2a What slows the contraction of a star-forming cloud?
16.1b Why do stars form?
17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
17.1a How does a star's mass affect nuclear fusion
    & 17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
17.2 Life as a low-mass star
18.3b What would it be like to visit a black hole?
18.2b How were neutron stars discovered?
18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?
19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?
19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?
19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?
19.3b How did our galaxy form?
20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?
20.1 Islands of Stars
20.2a How do we measure the distances to galaxies?
21 Galaxy Evolution
21.2a Why do galaxies differ?
21.3 Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei
21.2a Why do galaxies differ?
22.2d What might dark matter be made of?
22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?
22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?
22.2d What might dark matter be made of?
23.3a What aspects were unexplained in original Big Bang theory?
23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?
23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
   & 23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?
24.1b How did life arise on Earth?