Study Guides for Astro 4 Mon Eve - Spr '19

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. So be sure to study the PowerPoints on that material as well. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. Again, consult the PowerPoints. So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have. Again to be clear - the relevant subsection title name is NOT the literal question I will ask you!

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1                                                                 
0.2    Using this in Learning
0.3    The Real World
0.5    Steps of the Scientific Method
    & 3.4a How can we distinguish science from nonscience?
0.3   The Real World
0.4    Scientific Method

T      My online essay "On Teaching"
T      My online essay "On Teaching"

3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?
3.3a How did Copernicus, Tycho, Kepler challenge Earth-centered ideas?

Quiz #2
S3.4a How do we test predictions of General Relativity?
4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?
4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?
4.3b  What keeps a planet rotating and orbiting the sun?
4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
    & 4.4 The Universal Law of Gravitation
5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?
5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?
5.2a  What is light?
6.3a  How does earth's atmosphere affect ground observations?
6.1b  How do we record images?

Quiz #3
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?
14.1b Why does the sun shine?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?
15.1b How do we measure stellar temperatures?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?

Quiz #4
16.3b What is the greatest mass a newborn star can have?
16.1a Where do stars form?
16.3a What is the smallest mass a newborn star can have?
17.1a How does a star's mass affect nuclear fusion
    & 17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
17.2a What are the life stages of a low-mass star?
17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?
18.3b What would it be like to visit a black hole?
18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?
18.2a What is a neutron star?

Quiz #5
19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?
19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?
19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?
19.3b How did our galaxy form?
19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?
20.1b What are the 3 major types of galaxies?
20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?
21.2a Why do galaxies differ?
21      Galaxy Evolution
21.3a What are quasars?

Quiz #6
22.2a What is the evidence for dark matter in galaxies?
22 Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe
22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?
22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?
23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
& 23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?
23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?
23.3a What aspects were unexplained in original Big Bang theory?
23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?
24.2b Could there be life on Europa or other jovian moons?          

 

  Final Exam Study Guide

 

 0    Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking
 0.8  Occam's Razor
 0.8  Occam's Razor
    & 3.4a How can we distinguish science from nonscience?
 0.5  Steps of the Scientific Method

 T    my online essay "On Teaching"
 T    my online essay "On Teaching
"
 3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?
S2.3b Do the effects predicted by relativity really occur?
 4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
    & 3.3b What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?
 4.2b What are Newton's three laws of motion?
    & 4.5a How do gravity & energy allow us to understand orbits?
 4.5b How does gravity cause tides?
 5.3b What are the phases of matter?
 5.4c How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?
 5.4c How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?
    & 5.5a How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?
 6.3b Why do we put telescopes in space?
14.2b How does the energy from fusion get out of the sun?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.3a What causes solar activity?
14.1c What is the Sun's structure?
    & 14.3a What causes solar activity?
15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?
15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?
15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?
16.1a Where do stars form?
16.1a Where do stars form?
15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?
17.2b How does a low-mass star die?
17.2b How does a low-mass star die?
18    The Bizarre Stellar Graveyard
18.3a What is a black hole?
18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?
19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?
19.2a How is gas recycled in our galaxy
    & 16.1a Where do stars form?
19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy
19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?
    & 19.1a What does our galaxy look like?
20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology
20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology
20.2a How do we measure the distances to galaxies?
21.2a Why do galaxies differ?
21.2a Why do galaxies differ?
21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei
21.2b What are starbursts?
22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?
22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?
22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?
22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?
23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?
23.4a Why is the darkness of night evidence for the Big Bang?
23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?
23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?
    & 20.3d How does expansion affect distance measurements?
24    Life in the Universe