Study Guides for Astro 4 Mon Eve - Spr '18

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. So be sure to study the PowerPoints on that material as well. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. Again, consult the PowerPoints. So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have. Again to be clear - the relevant subsection title name is NOT the literal question I will ask you!

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1                                                                      
 ---------------------
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                
  0.8   Occam's Razor                                                        
    &   3.4a  How can we distinguish science from nonscience?                 
  0     Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking                                
  0.4   Scientific Method                                                    
  0.5   Steps of the Scientific Method                      
                 
    &   3.4a  How can we distinguish science from nonscience?                
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"        
                                
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  

 

      

 Quiz #2                                                                       
 ---------------------
   S2.3b Do the effects predicted by relativity really occur?                 
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
    &   4.4   The Universal Law of Gravitation                               
  4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  5.2a  What is light?                                                        
  5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?                
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
  5.2a  What is light?                                                        
  6.1b  How do we record images?                                             

 

  Quiz #3                                                                       
 ---------------------
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                           
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                         
    &   14.3a What causes solar activity?                                     
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    

           

 Quiz #4                                                                      
 ---------------------
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                 
  16.3b What is the greatest mass a newborn star can have?                   
  16.2a What slows the contraction of a star-forming cloud?                  
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
  18.3a What is a black hole?                                                

 

 Quiz #5                                                                       
 ---------------------
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.3b How did our galaxy form?                                             
    &   15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?                       
  19.4a What lies in the center of our galaxy?                               
  19.2a How is gas recycled in our galaxy                                    
    &   16.1a Where do stars form?                                           
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology                      
  20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?                                   
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                               
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              

 

 Quiz #6                                                                      
 ---------------------
  22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?                     
  22    Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe                
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
    &   23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?           
  23.1b What is the history of the universe in Big Bang Theory?              
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.3a What aspects were unexplained in original Big Bang theory?           
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                            
  24    Life in the Universe     

 

          

 

  Final Exam Study Guide

 

 

  0.3   The Real World                                                       
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                
  0.6   Pseudo-Science  
                                                     
    &   3.5b  Does astrology have any scientific validity?                   
  0.3   The Real World                                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"    
                                    
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  
  S3.4a How do we test predictions of General Relativity?                    
  4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  4.3b  What keeps a planet rotating and orbiting the sun?                   
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
    &   5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?          
  5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?                
  6.2c  What do astronomers do with telescopes?                              
  14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?                     
  14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?                            
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                         
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                          
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                 
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                 
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  17.2  Life as a low-mass star                                              
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  18    The Bizarre Stellar Graveyard                                        
  18.3b What would it be like to visit a black hole?                         
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy                                      
  19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?                     
  20.2a How do we measure the distances to galaxies?                         
  20.1  Islands of Stars                                                      
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
    &   20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?                             
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
  21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                   
  21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                   
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                    
  22.2a What is the evidence for dark matter in galaxies?                    
  22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?                       
  23.4a Why is the darkness of night evidence for the Big Bang?              
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                            
    &   20.3d How does expansion affect distance measurements?               
   24    Life in the Universe                                                
   24.2b Could there be life on Europa or other jovian moons?