Study Guides for Astro 4 Tue Afternoon - Spr 17

I've gone through our text and my question bank and found the chapter and subsection within the book which contains the relevant material to answer that question. There are about 10 questions on a typical quiz, so you'll see below for each quiz a list of ~10 section titles, one line for each question. This is so amazingly helpful - Now you can really focus your studying time! In some cases, the relevant material is in two sections, separated by a "&. Sometimes a subsection is rich enough to have several of my questions drawn from it, so if you see the same subsection title more than once, that means more than one of my questions is drawn from that subsection. For most questions, the answer to the question is given explicitly in the section listed. But in some cases, the text doesn't address it well, or at all. In this case, you'll see an "L" out in front. That means consult your notes from my "L"ecture on that material. In some cases, the material spreads through the entire chapter, not a single section within that chapter. In other cases, the section contains all the basic facts, but you'll need to do some reasoning to deduce an answer not given explicitly. In these cases, you'll see an "R" (for "reasoning required"). So, like all good exams, there's a mix of easy, hard, factoid, and inductive reasoning questions. There's even a couple of extra credit questions floating around in my test bank. If you get one, there's no mark-off if you get it wrong, and you get a bonus if you get it right.

The textbook likes to title their subsections with a question. This is NOT the question I'll literally be asking you. That's a common, but wrong, assumption. Rather, this subsection has material which is most relevant to answering whatever question I do have.

Below, If you see lots of little black diamonds with white question marks inside of them, where you expected to see blanks, then the problem is probably with your browser. I had this issue. The solution is to make sure Firefox uses Western encoding by default. On the top line of your browser, click on "tools" and then navigate Tools > Options > Content : Fonts & Colors > Advanced > Fallback Character Encoding and then choose Western (ISO 8859-1). Then the black diamonds should go away.

 

Quiz #1                                                                      
 ---------------------
L 0     Chapter 0: Science and Clear Thinking                                
  0.3   The Real World                                                        
L 0.8   Occam's Razor                                                        
    &   3.4a  How can we distinguish science from nonscience?                
  0.6   Pseudo-Science                                                        
    &   3.5b  Does astrology have any scientific validity?                   
  0.1   Natural Selection & Development of Mind                              
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                         
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
L 3.3c  How did Galileo solidify the Copernican Revolution?                  
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  

 Quiz #2                                                                       
 ---------------------
  S3.4a How do we test predictions of General Relativity?                    
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
  4.3b  What keeps a planet rotating and orbiting the sun?                   
R 4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
R 4.4b  How does Newton's law of gravity extend Kepler's Laws?               
    &   4.1b  How is mass different from weight?                             
  5.3b  What are the phases of matter?                                       
L 5.2a  What is light?                                                       
  5.3c  How is energy stored in atoms?                                       
L 5.4b  How does light tell us what things are made of?                      
  6.1b  How do we record images?                                             

 Quiz #3                                                                       
 ---------------------
  14.1b Why does the sun shine?                                              
  14.2b How does the energy from fusion get out of the sun?                  
  14.2c How do we know what is happening inside the sun?                     
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                         
  14.3c How does solar activity vary with time?                              
  15.3a What are the two types of Star Clusters?                              
  15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  15.2a What is the HR diagram?                                               

 Quiz #4                                                                      
 ---------------------
  16.3b What is the greatest mass a newborn star can have?                   
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                  
  16.3c What are the typical masses of newborn stars?                        
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
L 17.2  Life as a low-mass star                                               
  17.2a What are the life stages of a low-mass star?                         
  17.1a How does a star's mass affect nuclear fusion                         
    &   17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?              
  18.1  White Dwarfs                                                         
  18.2b How were neutron stars discovered?                                   
  18.3a What is a black hole?                                                

 Quiz #5                                                                       
 ---------------------
  19.1c How did we learn the structure of the Milky Way?                     
  19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?                           
  19.2b Where do stars tend to form in our galaxy?                           
L 19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.1b How do stars orbit in our galaxy                                     
  20.2a How do we measure the distances to galaxies?                         
L 20    Galaxies and the Foundation of Modern Cosmology                      
  21.3a What are quasars?                                                    
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                               
R 21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                   

 Quiz #6                                                                      
 ---------------------
  22.2b What is the evidence for dark matter in clusters?                    
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
L 22    Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe                
  22.2a What is the evidence for dark matter in galaxies?                    
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
R 23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.3b How does inflation explain these aspects?                             
  23.4a Why is the darkness of night evidence for the Big Bang?              
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
    &   23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?          
L 24    Life in the Universe                                                 

 

          

 

  Final Exam Study Guide

 

  0.3   The Real World                                                       
  0.7   General Principles in the Design of a Scientific Test                
  0.4   Scientific Method                                                    
L 0.9   Importance of attitude: "I just want to know the Truth"              
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                         
  T     my online essay "On Teaching"                                        
  3.3b  What are Kepler's 3 laws of motion?                                  
  S2.3b Do the effects predicted by relativity really occur?                 
  4.5b  How does gravity cause tides?                                        
R 4.2b  What are Newton's three laws of motion?                              
    &   4.5a  How do gravity & energy allow us to understand orbits?         
L 4.4a  What determines the strength of gravity?                             
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
  5.4c  How does light tell us temperatures of planets, stars?               
    &   5.5a  How does light tell us the speed of a distant object?          
  5.2a  What is light?                                                       
  6.4a  How do we observe nonvisible light?                                  
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                          
  14.3a What causes solar activity?                                          
  14.1c What is the Sun's structure?                                         
    &   14.3a What causes solar activity?                                     
R 14.2a How does nuclear fusion occur in the Sun?                            
R 15.1c How do we measure stellar masses?                                    
  15.1a How do we measure stellar luminosities?                              
  15.2b What is the significance of the Main Sequence?                       
  16.3a What is the smallest mass a newborn star can have?                   
  16.1a Where do stars form?                                                 
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  17.2b How does a low-mass star die?                                        
  17.3b How do high-mass stars make the elements of life?                    
  18.1b What can happen to a white dwarf in a close binary?                  
L 18    The Bizarre Stellar Graveyard                                        
L 19    Our Galaxy                                                           
  19.4a What lies in the center of our galaxy?                                
  19.3a What clues to our galaxy's history do halo stars hold?               
  19.3b How did our galaxy form?                                             
  20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?                                    
L 20.1  Islands of Stars                                                     
L 21.3  Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei                                   
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
  21.3a What are quasars?                                                    
  21.2a Why do galaxies differ?                                              
    &   20.1c How are galaxies grouped together?                             
L 22.4b Is the expansion of the universe accelerating?                       
  22.2d What might dark matter be made of?                                   
L 22.3b What are the largest structures in the universe?                     
  23.3a What aspects were unexplained in original Big Bang theory?           
  23.2a How do we observe the radiation from the Big Bang?                   
  23.2b How do elemental abundances support Big Bang theory?                 
L 24    Life in the Universe                                                  
L 24.1b How did life arise on Earth?