What to Include in the Journal
of your daily experiences in teaching or tutoring, reflections
in what went well, what did not go as well, critical reflections
of others' techniques you observe for teaching mathematics
in a one-on-one, small group or large group setting and your
developing philosophy and individual approach to teaching.
Reading notes from the classroom materials that are assigned.
Cruz City Schools
|Students in the
Aurora Teaching Initiative are placed with math and science
classroom teachers iin middle schools, junior high schools
or high schools in one of these local districts.
| Content standards
were designed to encourage the highest achievement of every
student, by defining the knowledge, concepts, and skills that
students should acquire at each grade level. The content standards
were designed by professionals from the appropriate fields
of study and then they were adopted by the California State
Board of Education. To help students achieve at high levels,
local school officials and teachers are encouraged to take
these standards and design the specific curricular and instructional
strategies that best deliver the content to their students.
The content is attainable by all students, given sufficient
time, except for those few who have severe disabilities.
California State Board of Education commissioned mathematics
professionals to describe the rigorous content that students
need to acquire at each grade level so that California schools
can be on a par with those in the best educational systems
in other states and nations. This was done in response to
the report, A Nation at Risk, by the National Commission
on Excellence in Education (1983), described the"rising
tide of mediocrity" in our schools.
Academic content standards for science
education at kindergarten through grade twelve, adopted
by the California State Board of Education. Grade 7 focuses
on life science and Grade 8 focuses on physical science
Above the Gathering Storm Read through Ch 5.
Rising Above the Gathering Storm Revisited
This 2007 report by the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering and the National Institute of Medicine lays out the urgent need
to increase America's talent pool by major improvements
in math and science education at all levels. It is behind
many of the federally- and state- funded initiatives, such
as the Aurora Initiative, to increase dramatically the production
of math and science teachers. The "Revisited" version came out in 2010.
This "Wikibook" book deals with
topics, themes, and examples that represent one way of understanding
educational psychology. It is organized to parallel closely
the content of the commonly used PRAXIS II test called Principles
of Learning and Teaching , published by the Educational
Testing Service. The PLT test is required in 25-30 American
states for persons seeking permanent certification as public
school teachers. Developed at the University of Manitoba.
Your Own Educational Philosophy
Here are some links to samples of personal philosophies of
education for you to explore and some discussion of the answer
to the question:. Why should I develop a personal philosophy
Brain-based Learning and Related Research
(some of these links are no longer live, it is a page maintained by another entity)
Current research results about the brain
and learning is providing insights for teachers and for
learners alike, in many ways providing new understandings,
in other ways giving suggestion for classroom practices.
These are just a few links to many references you can find
about this subject online and in journals and books.
||Professional organizations such as the National Council of Mathematics Teachers, NCTM, or National Science Teachers Organization, NSTO, are a good source of ideas about ways of teaching specific topics. These websites have some materials that are available even if you are not a member of the organization.
Learning Styles & Preferences
of Learning Styles
It is a popular educational belief that
most people favor some particular method of interacting
with, taking in, and processing stimuli or information.
Based on this concept is the idea of individualized "learning
styles." A learning style is the method of learning particular
to an individual that is presumed to allow that individual
to learn best. Teachers have developed some techniques to
allow teachers adapt their classroom methods to address
the varied learning styles of their students.
Art of Questioning
Good Questions in the Mathematics Classroom
in Class (videos)
to stimulate student discourse
| Do we teach students to
think? The answer to this may depend on whether a teacher
has the skill and practice to build a climate of inquiry
and shared discovery in the classroom. Skilled teachers
can raise questions that ignite student curiosity and discussion,
or offer a question that can simmer over several days, or
pursue a line of questioning that leads to understanding.
It takes lots of practice, but the result is worth it.
Class responses to specific situations
Council of Teachers of Mathematics: NCTM
Science Teachers Association: NSTA
|What are professionals
in the field talking about? What is the state of the teaching
profession and the issues at different grade levels that matter
in teaching for the U.S? What can be learned from other educational
systems found in the world? The professional associations
are an excellent resource for anybody interested in these
Lesson Plan Ex 1
Lesson Plan Ex 2
Lesson Plan Ex 3
Lesson Plan Template Ex. 4
|There are many different formats in use for a lesson plan. One of the most helpful tips in writing your first lesson plans would be to look at lesson plans that are already fully developed to get a better idea of what needs to be in the lesson plan. Some key ingredients are: develop clear objectives, determine what students need to know beforehand, decide how you will know if they are learning the material, create an opening and a closing, and estimate the time involved for each part of the lesson.
Additional Reading List
these texts are available for check-out in my office
Brain-Based Learning by Jensen
Positive Discipline in the Classroom by Nelsen, Lott, Glenn
How To Solve It by Polya