Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by a virus. The disease of measles and the virus that causes it share the same name. The disease is also called rubeola.
Mumps is a contagious disease that is caused by the mumps virus. Mumps typically starts with a few days of fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, and is followed by swelling of salivary glands.
Rubella, also called German measles, is a mild viral illness that causes a rash and fever. Transmission often occurs through coughing or sneezing. Some of the common symptoms of rubella include swollen lymph glands, mild fever, and a red, blotchy rash.
Most people received their MMR vaccine series (measles, mumps, rubella) as children. Those who did not were most likely exposed or may have had these childhood diseases.
To become compliant for MMR you must have your blood drawn and tested for immunity for each disease. These blood tests are called titers.
You must have positive or immune titers for measles, mumps and rubella to be compliant.
If one or more of your titers are negative or equivocal please follow the instructions below.
If one of your titers is negative or non-immune or 2 or more are equivocal:
- You must receive the MMR vaccine series of 2 shots one month apart
- Re-titer for which ever disease or diseases were non-immune or equivocal one month after last shot
If one of your titers is equivocal:
- You must receive one MMR shot
- Re-titer for which ever disease was equivocal one month after shot.
If one or more of your MMR titers continue to be non-immune or equivocal please download the chart and follow those instructions.
If one or more of your titers remain negative or non-immune even after you have received the maximum doses of MMR(see chart below), you will be considered a non-responder. Please go to Non-Responder page for more information.
The MMR vaccine only comes as a combination shot. Singular measles, mumps or rubella shot are not available.