TDAP stands for tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. These three diseases are all caused by bacteria. Diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through cuts, scratches, or wounds.
TETANUS (Lockjaw) causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to tightening of the jaw muscles so the victim cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus kills about 1 out of 5 people who are infected.
DIPHTHERIA causes a thick covering in the back of the throat. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure, and even death.
PERTUSSIS (Whooping Cough) causes severe coughing spells, vomiting, and disturbed sleep. It can lead to weight loss, incontinence, rib fractures and passing out from violent coughing. Up to 2 in 100 adolescents and 5 in 100 adults with pertussis are hospitalized or have complications, including pneumonia.
The Tdap vaccine was licensed for use in 2005 as an adolescent and adult vaccine. It is a one time vaccine to be followed by a Td vaccine in 10 years.
To be compliant you need:
- Documentation of a Tdap vaccine.
- Please do not confuse this with a Td, DTap, DTP or DT they are not the same.